The project conjoins qualitative studies of (a) traces of cultural contact (P1) and (b) different types of contact-induced change (P2-P3-P4) with (c) the quantitative study of cultural and language contact (P5), see Table 1.
Table 1. Overview of research topics, projects and expected outcome.
P1 studies linguistic traces of socio-cultural historical contact events and types of linguistic diffusion. In addition, it will synthesise the results of P2-P3-P4, to produce detailed historical scenarios for particular populations; and compare these with existing proposals on historical linguistic affiliations (Holton et. al. 2012, Schapper and Klamer, to appear).
P2-P3-P4 study contact in different situations. P2 investigates how an Austronesian superstrate language (Indonesian) influences a Papuan Alor-Pantar (AP) language (Abui). P3 studies the influence from four adstrate AP languages on Austronesian Alorese. P3 studies the traces of a (Papuan) substrate in Austronesian Lamaholot. Most theories of contact assume a qualitative difference between change induced by bilingual speakers (P2-P3), and change due to substrate influence when speakers shift to a new language (P4) (Thomason 2010, Winford 2010). This project integrates both sides of the spectrum.
The Lesser Sundas offer a unique laboratory for this research. The project is urgent, as all the languages in question will soon become extinct, and essential data for linguistic theory and socio-cultural history will disappear.
© 2017 www.vici.marianklamer.org